Myanmar Radio and Television (Burmese: မြန်မာ့အသံနှင့်ရုပ်မြင်သံကြား, abbreviated MRTV), formerly the Burma Broadcasting Service (BBS), is the parent of state-run Myanmar Radio National Service, and a television channel. The television channels are broadcast from its broadcast center in Kamayut, Yangon. The radio service is now broadcast primarily from Naypyidaw.
Radio service in Myanmar first came on the air in 1936 during the British colonial era. Regular programming by Bama Athan (Burmese: ဗမာ့အသံ; "Voice of Burma") began in February 1946 when the British established Burma Broadcasting Service (BBS), carrying the Burmese language national and foreign news and musical entertainment, knowledge reply and school lessons and English language news and music programming.
After independence in 1948, it was named Myanma Athan (Burmese: မြန်မာ့အသံ; also meaning Voice of Burma, but with the more formal term "Myanmar"). The service was renamed Myanmar Radio by the military government which came to power in 1988. The junta has also renamed the radio service's parent, BBS as Myanmar Radio and Television (MRTV) in 1997.
Until the launch of Yangon City FM in 2001, BBS/Myanmar Radio was the only radio station in the country. For years, its main broadcast center is at 426 Pyay Road in Kamayut in Yangon. Since late 2007, the main broadcast station has moved to Naypyidaw. Yangon Station now mostly relays Naypyidaw Station's programming.
Television service in Myanmar was first introduced in June 1979 as a test trial in Yangon. MRTV was first launched on 3 June 1980, and regular television service was formally launched in 1981 using the NTSC standard. In 2005, MRTV had 195 television relay stations throughout the country.
In October 2013, MRTV started broadcasting on digital terrestrial with DVB-T2, the same as Thailand. 19 channels are on the MRTV multiplex system. MRTV plans the news interface, to the modern style of starting sequences and will have a well-decorated newsroom. The broadcasting hours also increased to 18 hours (previously 10 hours). On March 24th, 2018, MRTV adding 5 new TV channels to their Multiplex Playout System, such as Mizzima TV, Democratic Voice of Burma, Channel K, YTV, and Fortune TV.